Type Of The Text


  1. TYPE OF THE TEXT

  1. 1. DESCRIPTIVE

A Night @ the Bassline

The mic stand stood centre stage, turntables to the right, drum kit and bass guitar to the left: an army to assault the silence.Four warriors take to the battle scene. The tallest clutches the mic, takes aim, and begins to sing. The smooth voice over the spinning vinyl jazz beat replaces the hush and the girls in the front, like victims, begin to scream. The bullets, the bass guitar’s deep tones and funky riffs, hit the audience forcing heads to jerk to the rhythm the soldiers play.

Fingers traced the grooves of the liquid vinyl under the blue tinted light. The hand glides, the record skips and the beat goes from smooth to groove. Bodies move in perfect timing to the quartet’s sound. The lyrics are acid nursery rhymes, they paint the mind in shades of lime green and neon pink, Andy Warhol silk screens resemble the images the vocalist on stage sings.

I am counting sheep walking around in their sleep” are twisted, shaken, stirred and served on ice, a cocktail of static meets scratch. The needle floats across the vinyl realising the beats the record holds captive in its black valleys.

After a clash of music versus the mind I give in. The last defender of rational thought goes under to the warped ideas of these four Dadaists who go under the guise of entertainers.The assailants begin to exit the battleground, victorious. The audience unable to defend themselves from the unexpected warfare of jazz blends and heavy beats turned into the musical equivalent of the atom bomb dropped in hip hop rhyme, clap their hands for their new leaders.

One lone warrior remains (armed with two turntables and a crate of records clothed in his battle dress of headphones and baggy pants) he plays the night out with melodies dipped in soul and funk driven by poetry disguised as rhymes disguised as words. I vanish into the smoky room, which swirls in the bass and throb of sound; my mind exits my body and spirals off with each bass line and each punch line till I am one with rhythm and word.

Eventually each and every member of that audience will find themselves at home, in bed, reciting the very poems they heard that night, who needs politicians when you got musicians.

*note the Bassline is one of the orginal jazz clubs in Johannesburg.

  1. 2. PROCEDURE

make a fried rice

Fried rice is the fast food of South East Asia. Whether it is called “Nasi Goreng” in Malaysia, “Khao Pad” in Thailand , “Chao Fun” in China or “Cha Han” in Japan, it never fails to bring back the flavors of home.

Rice is an indispensable staple in any Asian home. Leftover rice is used for fried rice dishes, partly as a way of thrift. However, the most important reason is that the moisture content in leftover cooked rice has already been absorbed, making it less sticky which is ideal for stir fry. All kinds of ingredients can be used for the fried rice, limited only by your imagination.

The following recipe is one of my favorite. There are two main processes to achieving great fried rice: Preparing the rice and the final dish itself. Do not be surprised to find that a simple meal as such calls for some practice and a dexterous hand .

Preparing cooked rice, for 2 persons:

1 cup of uncooked Thai rice, rinsed.

1.5 cups of water

Except for Thai rice, pre-soak Japanese or Basmati rice if used, for 30 minutes. Microwave the rice for 10 minutes and then let it stand for another 10 minutes. Fluff the rice with a pair of chopsticks.

Use a fan to cool down the rice and remove excess moisture off the cooked rice. For this reason, leftover rice is the best option.

Fried rice ingredients:

1 teaspoon chopped garlic

1 cup chopped ham or thinly sliced Chinese sausage

2 eggs ( lightly beaten, with a dash of sesame oil, salt, pepper )

1 cup green peas or mixed greens, blanched and drained

Chopped scallions ( optional )

Procedure :

Heat 1 tablespoon of peanut oil in a heavy work over high heat.

Scramble the eggs until 80% cooked. Push it aside in the wok.

Reduce to medium heat

Spoon in 1 teaspoon of oil. saute the garlic. Take care not to burn the garlic or else it gets bitter.

Add in the prepared rice and ham over the garlic. With the egg back in the medley, continually toss the rice mix over the wok.

When adequately mixed, stir in the peas and mix well for a couple of minutes.

Season with a pinch of salt and pepper. Add a dash of sesame oil if preferred.

The rice is ready now to be served.

Garnish with scallions over the steaming rice. It gives a nice sophisticated aroma reminiscent of those in Chinese restaurants.

The ideal Chinese fried rice is not clumpy and every grain has a firm satisfying bite. For those who prefer a taste of South East Asia, add a teaspoon of chilli powder, curry powder and black soy sauce just before adding the peas and omit the sesame oil altogether.

  1. 3. Spoof/anecdote

A man from the country side went to a city. It was his first time visiting the city, so the city’s view with all the flashy technology shocked him very much. While roaming the city’s shopping centre, he found a red building that was soo big! He wanted to go inside the building, so he excitedly walked up to the building and found himself face to face with a shiny metalic door. On the door was an ‘open’ sign. He was surprised, this building is an oven? He mistakenly took the sign ‘open’ as ‘oven’.

In cue with this mistake, a white man opened the door and entered the building. And then five minutes later, the metalic door opened revealing a black man! When another white man came to enter the building, the country side man stopped him from entering. He said, “Don’t go in there! That building is an oven! ”

  1. 4. Narrative

I Would Do It for Love

Once upon a time in a far away land, lived two families called the Darlan family and the Meissner family. The Darlan family had a daughter named Naya, while the Meissner family had a son named Arman. Naya and Arman had been friends since childhood and had lived in the country side for sixteen years of their life.

Unfortunately, one day, the Darlan family was called upon by the king as the family’s men were very fine blacksmiths. The Darlan family had to move to the town because of the Kings demand. So Naya and Arman for the first time said goodbye to each other. Secretly, Arman vowed to work hard so that he could also work in town and finally meet Naya again.

Two years later, Arman had mastered some skills he thought he could put in good use in the town. Fulfilling his promise, he traveled to town and started to search for Naya. It was not a hard task, Naya’s father had been granted the title of Duke by the King! Hurriedly, he visited Naya’s own castle, but to his dismay, Naya did not want to meet him. “Maybe she is busy,” he said to himself.

His determination to meet Naya did not waver, Arman found work as a builder in town. Each day, after work he would visit Naya’s castle, but each day Naya refused to meet him. A few weeks passed by, Arman became sick, sick because he could not meet the childhood friend he so dearly loved. He had abandoned his work, making his friends he made at the working place concerned.

“Go and meet him once again Arman! Maybe this time you will be in luck!” said one.

“No. Maybe I was putting too much hope for her to love me. After all, we were just childhood friends.”

His friends decided to visit Naya’s castle themselves, to tell her that Arman his childhood friend, who fell in love with her is in an ill state. To their surprise, Naya agreed to meet them and heared that Arman was sick.

“Tell him to go to the forest and find a wooden house,” said Naya.

“And after that? What should he do my Lady?” asked one of Arman’s friend.

“He will find the answer once he finds the house,” answered Naya mysteriously.

The friends came back to Arman and told him about the happy news. Arman suddenly stood up from his bed and felt refreshed as though nothing has happened before.

The next day Arman journeyed to the forest and found the wooden house Naya had mentioned. An old lady, with hideous boils on her face, crooked body, and white tangled hair that was very filthy greeted Arman.

“Excuse me, is Lady Naya here? She told me to come here,” asked Arman.

“No, Lady Naya is not here. But she left a message I must tell you,” said the old lady with a croaky voice.

“What is it?”

“She said, if you really love her, you must prove it. And to prove it, you must marry me!”

Because of his love, the love he had felt since childhood for Naya, Arman did not hesitate to answer.

“If that is what she wants, I would do it. I would do it for love!”

Suddenly, the old lady wailed and ran towards a small lake in front of the house. She bathed her face with water and to Arman’s surprise, it was Nayna staring back at him. She had cleaned the make up she was wearing and pulled of the wig she also wore to disguise herself as an old lady.

“Arman, I was only testing you. And now I know what I must do. I will share the rest of my life with you. Because, because I would do it for love!”

Arman was very happy that Naya had the same feelings for him. And so, they lived happily ever after.

Moral value: True love is very hard to find, to show it is even harder.

  1. 5. Explanation

The Process of Rain

Water in the earth is kept in many places like the ocean, the ocean, the river and the lake. But don’t be wrong, the plants leaves and the land also kept water.

Each day, this water will evaporate with help of the sun. The process where water evaporates from plants is called transpiration. Afterwards the vapour will experience the process of condensation where the vapour will condense and turn into a cloud. The form of the cloud always changes according to weather conditions.

The clouds will move to different locations with the help of wind that bellows vertically or horizontally. The movement of the vertical wind results in the cloud forming big ‘lumps’. After that, the wind increases the size of the cloud and each cloud will overlap. Finally the cloud will reach the atmosphere that has a lower temperature. Here the particles of water and ice is formed.

Eventually, the wind can not support the weight of the cloud and so the cloud that is full with water will experience a process called precipitation or the process where rain or hail falls to earth.

  1. 6. Report

Tyrannosaurus rex, sometimes just called T-rex, is believed to be the largest and most fearsome predator on Earth’s land ever to have existed. This dinosaur once roam the Earth in the Creataceous period approximately 68 to 65 million years ago.

As a carnivorous dinosaur, this giant predator most likely ambushed their prey, and devoured them with jaws full of white sharp teeth. With it’s fast ability to run at an astonishing speed of 32 mph (50 kmh), a perfect slim and stiff tail that gave it an excellent balance and allowed it to make quick turns, equipped this gigantic predator and made it even more deadly, like a killing machine.

  1. 7. News item

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald

BMW Vision Efficient Dynamics hybrid concept

KOMPAS.com – BMW is reportedly planning to build a limited run of electric supercars that will be as fast as a Porsche 911 while using less fuel than a Toyota Prius. The new car, based on the company’s Efficient Dynamics concept car launched at last year’s Frankfurt motor show, could be on the roads by 2013.

BMW’s fellow German manufacturers Audi and Mercedes-Benz have already committed to producing zero emissions electric supercars over the next five years. Audi plans to produce an R8-based all-electric E-tron supercar starting in 2012, and Mercedes-Benz’s Gullwing (SLS) will also gain a plug-in variant, though it’s not due until 2015.

What sets the BMW eco-supercar apart is that they’re opting for a plug-in hybrid car, rather than a fully electric car – meaning the battery range bugbear is removed. On the downside, though, the car will still need some form of fuel, and will still emit CO2.A story on US automotive website Inside Line quotes a BMW insider as confirming that the green supercar has been “earmarked for production”.

The website quotes “an executive source” at BMW’s Munich headquarters, who says the plug-in hybrid sports car could enter production as early as 2013.According to the source, between 5,000 and 10,000 units would be produced. It is also reported that BMW’s engineers have been working hard to make the production version of the Vision Efficient Dynamics even quicker than the concept, which was quoted as being capable of 0-100km/h in just 4.8 seconds.

The production car based on the Vision Efficient Dynamics concept will use the same plug-in hybrid drive-train with twin electric motors producing close to 270kW and around 800Nm. The concept version also made use of a lightweight, range-extending three-cylinder diesel engine, though it is reported that this may be switched for a petrol engine in the production version.

The real car will be less dramatic than the awe-inspiring glass-dominated concept car. Inside Line’s source is quoted as saying that “there will be less of the synthetic glass and more solid structure added to the final design.”

The insider also goes on to say the mouthful of a moniker that the concept carried will also change. “And that name that the marketing people forced on us,” says the mole. “That’s going to change for sure.”

BMW Australia managing director Stavros Yallouridis has previously told Drive that the Vision Efficient Dynamics concept is “a glimpse of the future BMW, and it packages all of our Efficient Dynamics technologies into one car to show what’s possible.”

  1. 8. Recount

My Adventure at Leang-Leang Cave

On Sunday, my parents, my best fruend Novi, and I visited a cave at Maros called Leang-leang . It was my first time to visit the cave, better yet, my best friend came to visit it with me!

The cave was famous for its primitive cave wall paintings which were some hand prints and wild boar paintings. The cave and its surroundings was turned into a national park, so it was taken care of. My parents took a rest in a small hut for visitors of the park, while Novi and I adventured around the cave with a guide. We had to climb some metal stairs to get to the cave, because the cave was embedded into a small mountain. Next stop was a place where some seashells littered the ground and some were actually piled into a big mound!

The guide said that these piles of seashells are called kjokkenmoddinger, or kitchen trash. The humans who lived here ate the shells and dumped the left overs in their ‘kitchen’. The last place was a small museum where they have skeletons of the humans who lived in the caves. The skeletons along with some roughly made jewelry and weapons were placed inside glass cases for display. The walls of the museum were adorned with photographs taken when they did an excavation there.

After a quick lunch with Novi and my parents, we decided it was time to go back home. We really had the time of our lives!

  1. 9. Exposition

Example #1

David Martin was three years old. He had always been a little hellion, getting into trouble at the drop of a hat. His mother had often grown weary and irritable as she tried to instill some sense of order in her wayward son. But it was an ongoing battle, one she was never sure she would win. Sometimes, she thought she would rip out all her hair before she ever got him tamed. She loved her son deeply and hated having to chastise him all the time. And though she’d never admit it, there was a part of her that was pleased by David’s sense of adventure and spirit. But there were times when it threatened to overwhelm her.

Today was one of those times. While his mother was busy with the laundry down in the basement, David was busy scribbling on the kitchen wall with a purple crayon. He knew he wasn’t supposed to write on the walls, but he did it anyway. When he heard his mother start back up the stairs, he ran and hid behind the couch, thinking she couldn’t punish him if she couldn’t find him. But his mother wasn’t fooled for one minute. She knew all too well where David’s favorite hiding place was.

Example #2

Hearing his mother’s footsteps on the cellar stairs, Davie froze, his hand poised before his scribbled creation. His expression closely resembled the wide-eyed stare of the head he’d torn off his sister’s doll this morning—unblinking and startled. As his mother’s footsteps drew closer, Davie suddenly scrambled from the room, running for his favorite hiding place behind the couch. In one chubby hand, he clutched his favorite Tonka dump truck, scraped and battered, with one wheel missing. In the other, was the purple crayon he’d just used on the kitchen wall. He dropped to his knees near the end of the couch and shoved the offending crayon beneath it. Then he squatted inside the safety of his fortress, frozen and still, listening for his mother.

In the kitchen, Marie’s stillness mimicked her son’s when her gaze fell on the broad purple lines covering a good portion of the wall beside the refrigerator. Her eyes squeezed closed and her knuckles turned white where she gripped the clothesbasket. She lifted her face to the ceiling and muttered, “God, give me strength. I don’t know how much more of this I can take.” Then she flung the basket to the floor and marched for the living room, straight to the couch where she knew Davie would be hiding.

“David Alexander Martin, you get out of there right this minute.” The words came out harsh and clipped; Marie’s hands balled into fists at her side. Her whole body shook with anger. For several long seconds, the room was filled with an almost unbearable silence. “Now!” Marie yelled.

Davie crawled out from behind the couch, his lower lip stuck out and trembling. His eyes looked up at his mother, their liquid sheen reflecting both fear and remorse. “I…I sorry,” he hiccuped. He began to sob.

As Marie watched him, the grim set of her lips slowly softened. She blew out a tiny breath of exasperation and rolled her eyes heavenward. Seconds later she had Davie firmly wrapped in her arms, hugging and consoling him, knowing she should punish him somehow, but too consumed by her love for him to carry it out.

10.Disscusion

Preliminary

polygamy is a social construction of culture in domestic institutions that have formed long ago. Indonesia is one country yangmembolehkan based undand polygamy – marriage law No. 1 1974, which mentions that the husband may make a marriage with another woman if you qualify – the specified requirements of the wife is not capable of running an obligation, a disability or disease entity that can not be cured, or can not produce offspring. for civil servants is also considered NO.45 PP PP tahun1990 about no revision, in 1983 about 10 years of marriage and divorce license for civil servants. Muti hatta, Minister of Women Empowerment, said that the scope of Regulation No. 45 tahun1990 this will be expanded to the state officials, government officials, members of the Armed Forces, and members of the DPR / DPRD.

talk about polygamy, which is often discussed and studied the religious aspects are always raised as an umbrella or not be done. But rarely discussed other aspects such as sociology, psychology, and / or economics. whereas if polygamy is seen from the various sides of view, the study of polygamy would be more interesting and more complete, in relation to planning policy, especially policy on the protection of wives and produced children.

Various factors underlying cause of suspected prektek – the practice of polygamy, such as infidelity, poverty, and social construction, culture, and religion. dipoligami women willing to get out of poverty, but many cases it shows that polygamy raises a new poverty, when the economic and psychological penelataran against one of the dipoligami wife. This same thing also happened because women do not fear being branded by the surrounding community, so willing to dipoligami to avoid that status in society.

Based on this – it is in the discussion above this will be reviewed 4 discussion topics that are considered attractive, both in the causes and factors insituisi impact on families, as well as from a social perspective, economic, and demographer. From the results of these discussions is expected to provide input to policy makers such as State Minister of the woman, the Coordinating Minister, Minister of Religion as well as a provider of data BP5.
Dr.Nina nurmita’s opinion
1.Faktor cause of polygamy and its impact on families.

The results showed that different factors cause of polygamy among men with women. For male factor among the causes of polygamy is adultery, religious understanding, the needs of sex, social and cultural construction. For women willing to polygamy because it factors in the economic incapacity, religious understanding which states that polygamy is the apostles and the sunna of the Shari’a, fear the cap as a spinster, attraction to physical conditions, fell in love and willing in polygamy.

The impact of polygamy on the family shows that there is difference in the treatment of husband and wife – his wife where the wife is usually the most frequent parent receiving treatment was reduced adil.selain no rights – economic rights, care and affection for both the first wife or the children of birth. Polygamy also results in many divorce cases, because the old wife was not willing to at polygamy, thus economic, social and psychological usually accompany their wives and their children.

Prof.Dr.achmad fedyani saifuddin’s opinion
2.Poligami in economic perspective

Economic consequences of polygamy are able to provide dowries for life force, able to do justice and be able to manage the wealth of the orphan and do not take their property. able to provide dowries means affluent and willing to give life and prosperity for his wife and all family members owned. able to do justice is to be a family that is peaceful, full of love saying that based on a sense of sincerity. able to manage the wealth of the orphan in the sense that management has equipped and how to manage finances and a reliable investment.

Dr.Prijono tjiptoherijanto’s opinion

3. religious factor

Polygamy is not a command Almighty god, because polygamy should be understood thoroughly and closely related to the circumstances and situation.

Conclusion

1. Polygamous marriage is a form of highly complex therein which affects many aspects.
2. Polygamy in the Islamic religion is allowed, but not recommended, especially for men – men who       can not behave fairly, whether economic, social, psychology and love.

3. Polygamy is also one of the causes of increasing divorce rates in Indonesia.
4. Polygamy brings negative impact on the psychological impact of the first wife and children

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